Before we get started a good tip to help keep your sandpaper organized. If you have more sandpaper than you know what to do with, use a filing cabinet to store it all. This has helped to keep my sandpaper perfectly sorted and easy to access.
Just the other day while I was finishing the bench that goes along with the farmhouse table I made I said to myself a few times, “Oh, right, don’t forget to do [finishing technique]” and figured a quick writeup could serve both you and I well! Following is my process used for sanding bare wood.